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Changing Livelihood Pattern of Tribal Farmers in Tripura: A Study on Kuki Tribes
By Mrinal Kanti Deb, Arobindo Mahato & Joel Laltanpuia Darlong
During last two decades large scale of changes of livelihood pattern among Tribal farmers has been witnessed in Tripura. Especially, from Shifting (jhum) cultivation to Rubber cultivation or other farm activities. The study is an attempt to understand the changing pattern of livelihood among Kuki tribes and to measure the living standard of Kuki tribes keeping in view their changing livelihood pattern. The article also tries to understand the association between changing livelihood pattern and monthly income of respondents. The deal with objectives of the study before and after analysis has been done based on primary data with purposive random sampling. The study explored that after changing the livelihood pattern monthly income of respondents has been significantly increased along with overall living standard. The regression analyses found Rubber cultivation and Livestock rearing emerged as popular sources of livelihood as compare to Jhum cultivation.
[Book Review] Hira Moni Deka, Politics of Identity and the Bodo Movement in Assam. New Delhi: Scholar World, 2014.
Reviewed by Anup Das
The Northeast region of India has witnessed political movements in the form of either demands for cessation or separate autonomy among different ethnic groups. Each ethnic group express and asserts one’s cultural identity in order to claim a territory and political control over natural resources. The present book attempts to provide a holistic understanding of the Bodo movement in Assam which is demanding for a separate state within the democratic framework of India. The author focuses on different issues that have fuelled or motivated the identity movement among the Bodos since the colonial period. She systematically traced the different phases of Bodo identity assertion beginning from the colonial period to the post independence era. The Bodo identity assertion movement is divided into four different phases. Altogether the book has six chapters.