Comparative Evaluation of Nutritive Value of Some
Fruits Available in North-East India

By Saikat Sen, Timai Passah, Kitboklang Thubru and Raja Chakraborty

North East India is endowed with affluent genetic diversity of plant sources. The present work is undertaken to investigate the nutritive value of some common and less common fruits available in North-East India. Nutrition value of five fruits namely Malus domestica (apple), Pyrus communis (pear), Emblica officinalis (Indian goose berry), Docynia indica (crab apple), Rhus semialata (Chinese gall) were evaluated. Results showed that Chinese gall has highest nutrition value (446 cal/100g) followed by Indian goose berry, pear, crab apple and apple. Chinese gall and crab apple usually uncommon and only confined to the remote and rural areas of North East region of India. The study concluded that the fruits like Chinese galls, crab apple are the very rich source of nutrition and these fruits can be the alternative of costly fruits like apple, pear available in market to meet the nutritional demand of individual in lower socioeconomic region. Cultivation of such fruits also could beneficial for economic growth of individual and region.

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Culture: A Barrier to Family Planning in the Khasi Society

By Erica Kharsyntiew

Culture is the heart and soul of every society all over the world. It plays an important role in determining the shape of society as well as the lives of people belonging to that particular society. This paper attempts to show the influence that culture has on the Khasi society particularly on making family planning decisions. Not only does culture play a part, but religion as well. This is a society that has one of the highest fertility rates in India. One of the reasons behind this, maybe the influence of culture and religion. The results show that the couples are encouraged to continue to procreate because the survival of the society and the family is heavily dependent on the birth of a girl child. This paper attempts to show how society and religion affects reproduction and the attitudes towards adopting proper reproductive health care practices.

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Notes on type of land ownership and indigenous
agricultural methods of the Bondo Community

By Abhijit Mohanty

The interaction between human being and nature has always been reciprocal. This is apparently evident in tribal communities where there always exist a symbiotic relationship between their livelihood pursuits and the surrounding natural resource base like the forest, land, and water, out of which land is one of the vital source of livelihood for them. Agriculture followed by collection of minor forest produces are major sources for their sustenance. The present paper was an attempt to understand the pattern of land ownership and indigenous agricultural methods of the Bondo community found only in the Khairput block of Malkangiri district of Odisha. The study clearly depicts that, among the Bondo, land is considered as the most valuable tangible assets and categorised under individual and community ownership. With the age old practices, the Bondo has developed their own indigenous technique to cultivate different crops in a range of land. Hence, it is imperative to meticulously study these indigenous methods of agriculture practice by the Bondo community one of the particular vulnerable tribe of India.

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Socio-Economic Status and Nature of Community Elite: A Survey

By S. Thianlalmuan Ngaihte

Some studies on elite shows that high levels of education, higher incomes and high standards of living, job security, etc. are important attributes of leaders/ elite. Are these assumptions true in the case of Paite elite as well? Based on data and information collected from survey, the paper examines the social, economic and ideological position of modern Paite elite in Churachandpur.

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Inter-district variation in socio-economic inequalities in maternal healthcare utilisation in rural Assam, 2007-08

By Aditya Singh, Saradiya Mukherjee, and Rakesh Chandra

Using data from third round of District Level Household Survey conducted in 2007-08, the study attempts to measure socio-economic inequality by type of maternal care-antenatal care, delivery care and postnatal carein rural Assam, with a focus on inter-district variations. Results indicate that the utilisation of maternal health care in the state is characterised by substantial pro-rich inequalities. The inter-district disparity in socio-economic inequality in maternal health care is also conspicuous. The efforts to increase the average without a component of equity in the programme could actually further aggravate existing pro-rich inequalities. In the light of immenseinter-district variation in the level of socio-economic inequality in maternal health care utilisation, any future efforts by government or any other stakeholders should, not only focus on improving overall utilisation level, but also on reducing inter-district variation in socio-economic inequalities.

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Health Awareness among the Bangrus of Arunachal Pradesh

By Tame Ramya

The Bangrus live in Sarli Circle of Kurung Kumey district, one of the remote areas of Arunachal Pradesh. Communication system in the district is too bad to maintain regular relation with the outside world. The people live mainly with their traditional health care practices under the given ecological condition. The modern medicine system suddenly made its presence in this area through governmental institutions. The people, no doubt, are traditional, but they accepted the system. While they have grabbed new system without offering conspicuous resistance, the traditional concept of health continues. This paper portrays how the impinging modern medicine system adjusts and reacts with the traditional one in the Bangru heritage.

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Stigma and Identity Construction of People Living with HIV/AIDS in Manipur

By Hoineilhing Sitlhou

Ever since the first patient of HIV/AIDS was detected in Manipur in 1989-1990 among the injecting drug users, the disease has been associated with groups that are marked out as social deviants. Given this association and the fact that the disease has no effective treatment, sufferers faced social rejection and discrimination. The disease was seen as a consequence of life style choices and PLWHAs were denied access to the ‘sick role’. HIV/AIDS acts as a metaphor for moral and physical contamination. The infection confers on the individual a spoilt image and identity. This is reflected in the level of stigmatisation and discrimination directly faced by those affected and vulnerable to it; as also the way PLHAs construct their identities in the light of their infection with the virus. It is also relevant to an understanding of the ways in which treatment of people dying of HIV/AIDS are being organised.

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Indigenous Agriculture System of Kukis in Ukhrul District

By Lh. Seitinthang

Agriculture has a vital place in the economy of Manipur with 52.19 percent of the workers in the State engaged as cultivators and agricultural labourers. For centuries the knowledge of agriculture among the Kukis is stored in people’s memories and activities, expressed in the form of stories, songs, folklore, proverbs, dances, myths, cultural values, beliefs, rituals, chief laws, local languages, taxonomy, agricultural practices, equipments and tools. The study was conducted among the Kukis in Ukhrul district of Manipur to investigate indigenous knowledge of agriculture systems. The main objectives of the study include the activities and responsibility of “Lompi” and the way of the Kuki beliefs in gods and the reasons and process of the agriculture festivals like “Chang-ai”, and the advantage of the use of indigenous knowledge of agriculture integrating with modern technologies.

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