By Phrangstone Khongji
Due to limited literature available to highlight the economic level and status for states and districts of North east India, the present study attempts to capture the same by extracting the information on living standards of people through the eight variables collected during the 2001 and 2011 census. Standard of living index is constructed through the use of principal component analysis, where states and districts in the region are ranked. This study can have important policy implications, concerning directing the resources to those districts of the region which have slip in the rank between the two censuses.
This article examines the levels and trends of infant and child mortality in Meghalaya state utilising the data on NFHS 2 and NFHS 3. This article reveals the relevance of some of the socio-economic and demographic factors in explaining child mortality in the state of Meghalaya. Utilising life table and hazard model, the present studies shows that rural residence, mother’s low educational status, mother’s working status, the low standard of living, etc., all these variables are associated with high infant and child mortality. The study also reveals that the relative risk of dying for the first five years decreases with the increase in the preceding birth interval. Young mothers and those with short interval births are also at higher risk of child death. As far as the sex of the child is concern, male mortality is higher than those of females.