Maternal Anaemia, Pregnancy Complications and Birth Outcome: Evidences from North-East India

By Mousumi Gogoi and Ranjan Kumar Prusty

Anaemia is a common disorder among women in India mostly during reproductive time period where about 55 percent women aged between 15- 49 have anaemia because of low dietary habit and other related causes. Anaemia prevalence is highest among pregnant women due to high iron demands of growth of foetus at the time of pregnancy. The paper tries to examine the causes and consequences of anaemia among pregnant women with birth outcomes and complications by using National Family Health Survey-III and multivariate and bivariate analysis were performed. Finding shows that higher risks of poor pregnancy outcome by anaemic women like premature birth, low weight at birth and termination of pregnancy. There is a U-shape relationship existing between maternal haemoglobin concentration and poor birth outcomes leading to higher risk to deliver premature birth. The study also reveals that prevalence of anaemia exists because of poor dietary habit and other lifestyle behaviour.

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Women Empowerment and Maternal Health Care
Utilisation in North-East India

By Mousumi Gogoi

Maternal health care services have always been concerned in reproductive health studies and women empowerment plays a great role in receiving health services in developing countries. The main focus of the present study is to find out the association between women’s empowerment and utilisation of maternal health care (MHC) services in North-East India using third round of National Family Health Survey (2005-06). Descriptive statistics, bivariate and multivariate techniques are used to justify the objectives and different indices have created to show women empowerment in the region. Result shows that women were highly empowered in terms of decision making, whereas having own money and mobility is still lacking behind in the studied region. The proportion of using any ANC is quite high but utilisation of full ANC in very low among women in the region. Empowerment status is not directly hindered in use of health care services but lack of own money and mobility is a disadvantageous aspect. The region as a whole, proportion of institutional delivery and delivery by health professional is fairly uncommon.

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